The Pentagram is a 5-pointed star drawn with one continuous line. It dates back some 8,000 years and is common to many faiths, cultures and disciplines. In contemporary times it has become synonymous with followers of Wicca and other Neopagan traditions, who use it to identify their faith. The Pentagram symbolizes the natural order of things - the four lower points relate to the 4 elements (Earth, Water, Air and Fire), whilst the upward reaching point, which rises and presides over the others, represents Spirit transcending the material world of the elements. The Pentagram is thus the reminder of the dominance of Spirit over matter.
Mathematically the Pentagram, with a pentagon at its heart, is significant because its line segments each relate to one another in the proportion of the golden ratio, a mathematical proportion often found in nature and considered to be the formula for natural beauty.